I researched the few grade-appropriate essays I could find online these were the days before Pinterest and Teachers Pay Teachers and determined that there was a structure to follow. Every essay followed the same basic structure. I taught the structure to my students and they did well. I have been teaching five paragraph essay structure and everything that goes with it for a lot of years now.
I hope that after you read this blog post, you will have a good understanding of how to teach and grade five paragraph essays. We always start with simple paragraphs. Yes, this is basic, but if your students cannot write excellent paragraphs, their five paragraph essays will be train wrecks. Trust me! We spend a while cementing paragraph structure:.
I give students topics, they come up with their own topics, we write together, they write with a partner or independently, the more variety, the better. We have fun with simple paragraphs. Please refer to my five paragraph essay organizer below. The three body paragraphs are absolutely crucial to the success of the five paragraph essay. Some teachers have trouble teaching the structure of five paragraph essays because they start with the introduction paragraph.
Always teach the body paragraphs first!
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They need to write the entire five paragraphs to get all of the practice they need. However, think of it as building a house. The three body paragraphs are the foundation of the essay. Ask students to write out their three body paragraphs just like they have practiced…Topic sentence…Detail 1…Detail 2…Detail 3…Closing Sentence. Students are on their way to five paragraph essays, so be sure to build their confidence.
I have to say, this is my favorite paragraph to teach. The introduction paragraph is what draws readers into the essay and makes them want to read more. After the hook, I ask students to add a sentence or two of applicable commentary about the hook or about the prompt in general. Finally, we add the thesis sentence.
The thesis sentence always follows the same formula: Restate the prompt, topic 1, topic 2, and topic 3. I do suggest having students write the introduction paragraph plus body paragraphs a couple of times before teaching the closing paragraph. In the conclusion paragraph, we mainly focus on restating the thesis and including an engaging closing thought.
Writing A Five Paragraph Essay
With my students, I use the analogy of a gift. The introduction paragraph and body paragraphs are the gift and the conclusion paragraph is the ribbon that ties everything together and finishes the package. When you talk about restating the thesis sentence, tell students that they need to make it sound different enough from their original thesis sentence to save their readers from boredom. Who wants to read the same thing twice? No one!
- colombia report thesis statement?
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- Tips for Teaching and Grading Five Paragraph Essays - Thrive in Grade Five.
- Writing Your Outline.
Students can change up the format and wording a bit to make it fresh. Ways to write the closing thought: ask a question, personal statement, call to action, or even a quote. I especially like reading the essays in which a quote is used as a closing thought or a powerful statement is used.
Training your students to color-code their paragraphs and essays will make grading so much easier and will provide reminders and reinforcements for students. When students color-code their writing, they must think about the parts of their paragraphs, like topic sentences, details, and the closing sentence. Also, when you are grading, you can quickly scan the paragraphs and essays. Trust me, you will develop a quick essay-grading ability.
I start color-coding with my students at the very beginning when they are working on simple paragraphs. I add the additional elements of the color-code as we progress through our five paragraph essays. This is the code that I use:. Imagine a lonely, stressed teacher grading five paragraph essays on the couch while her husband is working the night shift.
- reading rainbow book reports.
- Five Paragraph Essay Rubric | Writing Exercises | Rubrics, Paragraph, Editing checklist.
- iRubric: Five Paragraph Informative Essay Rubric.
That was me! Seriously, guys, I would spend about ten minutes per essay. I marked every little error, I made notes for improvement and notes of encouragement.
Tips for Teaching and Grading Five Paragraph Essays
I reworked their incorrect structure. Those papers were full of marks. On Monday, I proudly brought back the essays and asked students to look over them and learn what they needed to fix for next time. You can guess what happened… there were lots of graded essays in the trashcan at the end of the day. I decided that my grading practices had to change. I needed my weekends back and my students needed to find their own errors! This is my best advice:. I created this five paragraph essay instructional unit for teachers who are new to teaching five paragraph essays OR just need all of the materials in one place.
However, the following support sentences are not necessarily, or only vaguely connected to the body paragraphs. Introductory paragraph contains a statement that may be construed as a thesis or main idea. However, there is little structural support in the following sentences. Body paragraphs provide clear connections to thesis statement, but may be need more examples or concrete evidence.
Body paragraphs are vaguely on topic, but lack clear connections, evidence and examples of thesis or main idea. Body paragraphs are unrelated, or marginally connected to essay topic.
ACT Essay Grading: The Basics
Examples and evidence is weak or nonexistent. Closing paragraph provides a clear conclusion successfully stating the author's position, as well as containing an effective restatement of the main idea or thesis of the essay.
Closing paragraph concludes essay in satisfactory manner. Conclusion is weak and at times confusing in terms of author's position with little reference to main idea or thesis. Conclusion is nonexistent with little or no reference to proceeding paragraphs or author's position. All sentences are well constructed with very few minor mistakes. Complex sentence structures are used effectively.
Most sentences are well constructed with a number of mistakes. Some attempts at complex sentence structure are successful. Some sentences are well constructed, while others contain serious errors. Use of complex sentence structure is limited. Linking language is used. However, mistakes in exact phrasing or usage of linking language is evident. Writing includes a relatively small number of errors in grammar, spelling and punctuation.