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Barboza shared graphic images of her injuries to Facebook, in a post calling for justice. She got seven staples and seven stiches in her head, following the incident on Thursday. She said the women followed her and blocked her car in as she called the police, and then got of her car. Video shows one woman in a floral dress approaching Barboza with a baseball bat in her hand. I got a kid, bruh,' Barboza said, as the women gets closer. The woman in the dress yelled expletives at Barboza, as a small boy can be seen in the passenger side of her SUV, watching the events unfold.

Barboza saud second woman, in a red sweatshirt, hit her in the head with a metal bat. A second video then showed two women on the ground wrestling. The footage isn't incredibly clear, Barboza said it was her and the first woman in the floral dress. Barboza's video ended after showing a second woman approaching with a bat in hand. Bystanders eventually broke up the fight and the two women left before law enforcement showed up to the scene. No suspects have been named by the Sheriff's office and no charges have been filed at this time.

Bystanders eventually broke up the fight and the two women left before law enforcement showed up to the scene; no suspects have been named and no charges have been filed. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. Menacing moment two sisters armed with baseball bats prepare to beat a female motorist in road rage attack that left the victim with a broken nose, staples and stitches in her head Mikaela Barboza, 26, and her acquaintance took video before and after Barboza said she was attacked by two women with baseball bats in Florida on Thursday The video taken by Barboza shows two women approaching her with a bat A second video shows two women wrestling on the ground and the third woman appearing to swing and hit one of the women with a baseball bat Barboza suffered a broken nose, stitches and staples in her head after the brawl, which she said was brought on because she 'cut them off' on US Route The Broward County Sheriff's Office told DailyMail.

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View all. More top stories. Widely known as America's pastime, baseball is well established in several other countries as well. As early as , a professional league, the International Association , featured teams from both Canada and the US. The Dominican Republic held its first islandwide championship tournament in Many European countries have professional leagues as well; the most successful, other than the Dutch league , is the Italian league , founded in After being admitted to the Olympics as a medal sport beginning with the Games , baseball was dropped from the Summer Olympic Games at the International Olympic Committee meeting.

It remained part of the Games. The inaugural Classic , held in March , was the first tournament involving national teams to feature a significant number of MLB participants. Baseball has certain attributes that set it apart from the other popular team sports in the countries where it has a following. All of these sports use a clock, [] play is less individual, [] and the variation between playing fields is not as substantial or important.

In clock-limited sports, games often end with a team that holds the lead killing the clock rather than competing aggressively against the opposing team. In contrast, baseball has no clock, thus a team cannot win without getting the last batter out and rallies are not constrained by time.

At almost any turn in any baseball game, the most advantageous strategy is some form of aggressive strategy. While nine innings has been the standard since the beginning of professional baseball, the duration of the average major league game has increased steadily through the years. At the turn of the 20th century, games typically took an hour and a half to play. In the s, they averaged just less than two hours, which eventually ballooned to in In , Nippon Professional Baseball took steps aimed at shortening games by 12 minutes from the preceding decade's average of In , the average nine-inning playoff game in Major League baseball was 3 hours and 35 minutes.

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This was up 10 minutes from and 21 minutes from Although baseball is a team sport, individual players are often placed under scrutiny and pressure. In , a baseball instructional manual pointed out that every single pitch, of which there are often more than two hundred in a game, involves an individual, one-on-one contest: "the pitcher and the batter in a battle of wits".

While coaching staffs can signal pitcher or batter to pursue certain tactics, the execution of the play itself is a series of solitary acts. If the batter hits a line drive, the outfielder is solely responsible for deciding to try to catch it or play it on the bounce and for succeeding or failing. The statistical precision of baseball is both facilitated by this isolation and reinforces it.

Cricket is more similar to baseball than many other team sports in this regard: while the individual focus in cricket is mitigated by the importance of the batting partnership and the practicalities of tandem running, it is enhanced by the fact that a batsman may occupy the wicket for an hour or much more.

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There is no statistical equivalent in cricket for the fielding error and thus less emphasis on personal responsibility in this area of play. Unlike those of most sports, baseball playing fields can vary significantly in size and shape. Similarly, there are no regulations at all concerning the dimensions of foul territory. Thus a foul fly ball may be entirely out of play in a park with little space between the foul lines and the stands, but a foulout in a park with more expansive foul ground.

Take Me out on a Stretcher: The Dangers of Aluminum Bats in Baseball

These variations can make the difference between a double and a triple or inside-the-park home run. While the adjacent image shows a traditional field surfacing arrangement and the one used by virtually all MLB teams with naturally surfaced fields , teams are free to decide what areas will be grassed or bare. Surface variations can have a significant effect on how ground balls behave and are fielded as well as on baserunning. Similarly, the presence of a roof seven major league teams play in stadiums with permanent or retractable roofs can greatly affect how fly balls are played.

The area out-of-bounds on a football or soccer field does not affect play the way foul territory in baseball does, so variations in that regard are largely insignificant. These physical variations create a distinctive set of playing conditions at each ballpark. Other local factors, such as altitude and climate, can also significantly affect play.

Aluminum vs. Wood Baseball bats

A given stadium may acquire a reputation as a pitcher's park or a hitter's park, if one or the other discipline notably benefits from its unique mix of elements. The most exceptional park in this regard is Coors Field , home of the Colorado Rockies. A team that plays in a park with a relatively short right field, such as the New York Yankees , will tend to stock its roster with left-handed pull hitters , who can best exploit it.

On the individual level, a player who spends most of his career with a team that plays in a hitter's park will gain an advantage in batting statistics over time—even more so if his talents are especially suited to the park. Organized baseball lends itself to statistics to a greater degree than many other sports. Each play is discrete and has a relatively small number of possible outcomes. In the late 19th century, a former cricket player, English-born Henry Chadwick of Brooklyn , was responsible for the "development of the box score , tabular standings, the annual baseball guide, the batting average , and most of the common statistics and tables used to describe baseball.

The Official Baseball Rules administered by MLB require the official scorer to categorize each baseball play unambiguously. The rules provide detailed criteria to promote consistency. The score report is the official basis for both the box score of the game and the relevant statistical records. Certain traditional statistics are familiar to most baseball fans. The basic batting statistics include: []. The basic baserunning statistics include: []. The basic pitching statistics include: []. The basic fielding statistics include: [].

Among the many other statistics that are kept are those collectively known as situational statistics. For example, statistics can indicate which specific pitchers a certain batter performs best against. If a given situation statistically favors a certain batter, the manager of the fielding team may be more likely to change pitchers or have the pitcher intentionally walk the batter in order to face one who is less likely to succeed.

Sabermetrics refers to the field of baseball statistical study and the development of new statistics and analytical tools. The term is also used to refer directly to new statistics themselves. The growing popularity of sabermetrics since the early s has brought more attention to two batting statistics that sabermetricians argue are much better gauges of a batter's skill than batting average: []. Writing in , philosopher Morris Raphael Cohen described baseball as America's national religion.

The major league game in the United States was originally targeted toward a middle-class, white-collar audience: relative to other spectator pastimes, the National League's set ticket price of 50 cents in was high, while the location of playing fields outside the inner city and the workweek daytime scheduling of games were also obstacles to a blue-collar audience.

With the rise in popularity of other team sports with much higher average ticket prices—football, basketball, and hockey—professional baseball had become among the most blue-collar-oriented of leading American spectator sports. Overall, baseball has a large following in the United States; a poll found that nearly half of Americans are fans. Total NPB attendance for the year was approximately 20 million. While in the preceding two decades, MLB attendance grew by 50 percent and revenue nearly tripled, the comparable NPB figures were stagnant. There are concerns that MLB's growing interest in acquiring star Japanese players will hurt the game in their home country.

Similarly, according to one official pronouncement, the sport's governing authority "has never taken into account attendance As of [update] , Little League Baseball oversees leagues with close to 2. A varsity baseball team is an established part of physical education departments at most high schools and colleges in the United States.

Today, high school baseball in particular is immensely popular there. The tournaments are known, respectively, as Spring Koshien and Summer Koshien after the 55,capacity stadium where they are played. Talented children as young as seven are sent to special district schools for more intensive training—the first step on a ladder whose acme is the national baseball team. Baseball has had a broad impact on popular culture, both in the United States and elsewhere.

Dozens of English-language idioms have been derived from baseball ; in particular, the game is the source of a number of widely used sexual euphemisms. Baseball has inspired many works of art and entertainment. One of the first major examples, Ernest Thayer 's poem " Casey at the Bat ", appeared in A wry description of the failure of a star player in what would now be called a "clutch situation", the poem became the source of vaudeville and other staged performances, audio recordings, film adaptations, and an opera, as well as a host of sequels and parodies in various media.

Wood Bats or Aluminum Bats?

Robinson ", and John Fogerty 's " Centerfield ". Six decades later, Time named it the best comedy routine of the 20th century. Henry Waugh, Prop. Kinsella 's Shoeless Joe the source for Field of Dreams. Among the celebrated nonfiction books in the field are Lawrence S.